Download E-books The Dutch and German Communist Left 1900-68: Neither Lenin Nor Trotsky Nor Stalin! (Historical Materialism) PDF

November 7, 2016 | Communism | By admin | 0 Comments

The Dutch-German Communist Left, represented through the German KAPD-AAUD, the Dutch KAPN and the Bulgarian Communist staff social gathering, separated from the Comintern (1921) on questions like electoralism, trade-unionism, united fronts, the one-party kingdom and anti-proletarian violence. It attracted the ire of Lenin, who wrote his Left Wing Communism, "An childish disease opposed to the Linkskommunismus," whereas Herman Gorter wrote a well-known reaction in his pamphlet "Reply to Lenin." the current quantity presents the main sizeable heritage thus far of this tendency within the twentieth-century Communist circulation. It covers how the Communist left, with the KAPD-AAU, denounced 'party communism' and 'state capitalism' in Russia; how the German left survived after 1933 within the form of the Dutch GIK and Paul Mattick s councils stream within the united states; and in addition how the Dutch Communistenbond Spartacus persevered to struggle after 1942 for the realm energy of the staff councils, as theorised by way of Pannekoek in his ebook "Workers Councils" (1946)."

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In his publication Socialism at risk released in French in Paris in 1897 on the time of his departure from the ‘Socialistenbond’, Domela Nieuwenhuis rightly denounced a definite variety of faults within the social democracy, that have been to crystallise within the revisionist theories of Vollmar and Bernstein from 1895 onwards. Domela Nieuwenhuis’ criticisms have been the next: – the party’s penetration by way of petty-bourgeois components endangered its proletarian personality, and manifested itself in ideological concessions to the bourgeoisie, fairly in the course of elections; – the speculation of ‘state socialism’ deformed the innovative objective, by means of defining the revolution as not more than the reformist take-over of the kingdom by way of the staff’ circulation: “... the social-democrats are only reformers who are looking to remodel today’s society alongside the traces of country socialism”. (12) not like the Marxists, Domela Nieuwenhuis got here to the belief that the staff should still abandon the fight for reforms: “All reforms simply serve to enhance the present country of affairs”. He additionally inspiration that the evolution of the social democracy may lead necessarily to integration into the bourgeoisie: “the triumph of social democracy would be the defeat of socialism”. (13) It was once no twist of fate that Domela Nieuwenhuis‘ denunciation of social democracy as ‘bourgeois’ may be taken up not just through the anarchists, but additionally by way of the ‘councilists’. The latter thought of that “social democracy could be regarded as the main constant fraction in the complicated fraction of the bourgeoisie”, and that “in fact social democracy didn't develop into a bourgeois reformist social gathering; it used to be one correct from the beginning” (Ibid. ). yet within the mild of background, the scope of Domela Nieuwenhuis‘ critique remained constrained. He represented an anarchist, spiritual, even Tolstoyan tendency which was once very marked within the Dutch staff’ move and which used to be to outlive up until eventually international warfare I. It used to be fed by way of pacifism and anti-militarism. In denying the need for sophistication violence – valuable for the seizure of strength by means of the proletariat – of a dictatorship of the proletariat over the bourgeois minority, Domela Nieuwenhuis broke definitively with the Marxism which he had helped to introduce into Holland, and developed in the direction of Tolstoyan pacifism: “The anarchist-communists demand the abolition of political authority, in different phrases the nation, simply because they deny the correct of 1 type or person to dominate one other classification or person. Tolstoy has expressed this so completely that there's not anything extra to be stated. ” (14) those that – just like the anarchists, but additionally the ‘councilists’ – refer again to Domela Nieuwenhuis on the way to argue that the second foreign and the social-democratic events have been ‘bourgeois’ from the start, deny definite traditionally noticeable proof: – The 2d foreign was once where the place the constructed proletariat of the nice commercial concentrations was once expert and tempered, forsaking the artisan features which it nonetheless had on the time of the 1st overseas, and which clarify the load of individualist anarchism inside it.

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